Animal habitats have been destroyed some animal species have become endangered.

Animal habitats have been destroyed some animal species -IELTS essay

Animal habitats have been destroyed some animal species(e.g. Tiger and the rhino) have become endangered. Why does this happen? What can be done to protect endangered animals?

Animals and Humans share this planet and as the number of humans increase, they would encroach on animal territory.
The most popular destroyed habitats are that of the tigers, rhinos and other animals that are endangered. It is common to see wild animals accidentally wander into cities and then they get killed. There are several reasons for their natural habitats to disappear. Deforestation, consumption of animal products, hunting and pollution are the main causes for habitats to vanish.

During the colonization of the Americas, many native species were endangered and hunted out to extinction. The colonists wanted land for agriculture and meat for food, so they cleared forests and shot the bison. This happened in south America as well where the Jaguar is now an endangered species. In Africa, Elephants were killed in large numbers for ivory, Tigers are killed in Asia for their skin and bones and also when tigers are a threat to local population. In order to preserve animal habitats and protect them, governments have established nature reserves and parks where human activity is banned. This has helped some endangered animals increase their population. Habitats in the sea are also facing similar threats from human activity. Whales are hunted by fishing vessels and sold in markets like Japan. many whale species are protected around the world.
Some important measures that can be taken to conserve and protect animals and their habitats are afforestation, setting up exclusive zones for animals and giving incentives to people who protect animals. The best way is to help people realize the value of animals and bio diversity through awareness programs. Every animal on this planet plays a role in keeping a healthy environment. There would be devastating consequences if the destruction continues.

Important points for this essay – Animal habitats have been destroyed some animal species(e.g. Tiger and the rhino) have become endangered. Why does this happen? What can be done to protect endangered animals?

Vocabulary :
Conservation -preservation, protection, or restoration of the natural environment, natural ecosystems, vegetation, and wildlife.
Habitat -the natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other organism.
Endangered species – a species of animal or plant that is seriously at risk of extinction.
Extinction -the state or process of a species, family, or larger group being or becoming extinct.

Reasons for Habitat destruction

1. Deforestation – cutting forests to clear land for agriculture or for wood destroys the habitat of animals living in forests. As a consequence, animals are forced to relocate and sometimes they get into human habitats.
2. Pollution – polluting water by releasing harmful substances like toxic industrial wastes can wipe out habitats of fish. As a result many fishermen become unemployed and both the fish population and human population suffers.
3. Hunting – Animals are hunted for their skins, meat and body parts. As the demand for these products grow, more animals are killed resulting in many species becoming endangered.

Solutions for Habitat destruction and protecting animals.

1- Conservation – designate natural habitats as protected areas.
2- Animals are important – Help people realize that animals are very important for the environment and for the survival of mankind.
3- Give incentives – Animals can become a source of revenue for communities near protected habitats. Money earned by tourism should be shared with communities. This can result in them taking ownership of protecting the animals. They would view the habitats and the animal as assets.

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