ielts writing practice essay topic - falling birth rates

Because of falling birth rates and better healthcare – IELTS essay

Because of falling birth rates and better healthcare, the world’s population is getting steadily older and this trend is going to cause serious problems for society.

to what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?




IELTS sample essay – Because of falling birth rates and better healthcare, the world’s population is getting steadily older and this trend is going to cause serious problems for society.

Improved healthcare combined with declining birth rates are causing an increase in the number of older people in the world. While this phenomenon is true in some parts of the world like Japan and some European countries, there are many places in the world where the population is actually getting younger as in India, Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America. If the world’s population gets older there could be a lot of problems for the countries that are going through this growth. As people age they stop working and need financial and physical support. If the majority of a country’s population is retired then it could become a huge burden on the state to maintain the older populations on pensions and social support.
This trend is evident in Japan and could become a reality in China in the near future. The competitive edge that these economies had would greatly reduce and could spark mass migration from other countries to fill the vacancies. Public health could be stretched because of high demand from older people who tend to fall sick. This trend could be a short term issue as the older generations are replaced by younger ones the situation would become more balanced. With rapid improvement in technology, older people may not be such a problem.
The truth of the matter is that ageing society is not really a problem. On the contrary the world is getting younger as the rate of population growth is swiftly replacing generations. In India and China the growth of population is either steady or increasing. More and more young people are born and far outnumber the older population. Pollution, wars and other man made problems are keeping a check on longevity of human life. On the whole ageing population is not really a problem it is a temporary phase which can be effectively dealt with by the countries that face such an issue.



How to write on this topic

Topic- Because of falling birth rates and better healthcare, the world’s population is getting steadily older and this trend is going to cause serious problems for society.

Worksheet for IELTS essay

Are birth rates falling all over the world?

You could answer this question with a yes it is stress or no it isn’t. Give resons.
Some sample reasons are
– Birth rates are falling in some countries because many couples are not having children
– many couples cannot afford child care and simply lack time to take care of children
– cost of living is high so they need to work longer and cannot spend much time with the spouse.
-give some examples from your own experience

Are there more older people because of better healthcare?
– Yes better healthcare is increasing the life span of people
– many ailments which were incurable are now easy to cure.
– give some examples of your own

Are there more problems to the society ?
– State your position – you could say there are more disadvantages or advantages.
– compare the problems with benefits
Use “although, eventhough” to highlight problems and benefits.

How to conclude?
Write your conclusion with a statement which use superlatives or other strong phrases to highlight your opinion.