Importance of Biodiversity – IELTS reading passage

Importance of Biodiversity - IELTS reading passage

Instructions: Read the passage and match the headings A-D with each paragraph. Pro-tip: read each paragraph and understand what it says don’t just match keywords! good luck. Give answers in the comments below

Biodiversity, a term referring to the variety and abundance of life on Earth, is crucial for the health and stability of our planet’s ecosystems. It encompasses the incredible array of plants, animals, microorganisms, and their interactions with each other and their environment. Biodiversity provides essential services that support all forms of life, including humans. From food production to medicine and climate regulation, the benefits of biodiversity are far-reaching.

One of the major challenges threatening biodiversity is the loss of habitats and species. Human activities, such as deforestation, urbanization, and industrialization, have significantly altered natural landscapes, leading to the destruction and fragmentation of habitats. As habitats disappear, many species are pushed to the brink of extinction. Protecting and restoring these habitats are vital steps in preserving biodiversity.

To combat the loss of biodiversity, conservation efforts have become paramount. Governments and organizations worldwide have established protected areas, such as national parks and wildlife reserves, to safeguard vulnerable ecosystems and species. These protected areas serve as essential refuges for endangered plants and animals, allowing them to thrive without direct human interference.

Biodiversity not only contributes to the ecological balance but also holds significant economic value. Ecosystems provide crucial ecosystem services, such as pollination, water purification, and climate regulation, which underpin agricultural productivity and overall human well-being. In fact, many industries, including pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and agriculture, heavily rely on biodiversity for their products and innovations.

Climate change poses a significant threat to biodiversity. Rising temperatures, altered precipitation patterns, and extreme weather events disrupt ecosystems and create challenges for many species. Some may be unable to adapt or migrate quickly enough to survive, resulting in population declines or local extinctions. Combating climate change is crucial to protect the diversity of life on our planet.

Matching Headings:
A) The Loss of Habitats and Species
B) Conservation Efforts and Protected Areas
C) Economic Value of Biodiversity
D) Threats from Climate Change


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1 thought on “Importance of Biodiversity – IELTS reading passage”

  1. Pingback: IELTS reading practice - Passage Across the planet

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